History of the Bundesliga Club FC Bayern Munich
The Bundesliga has a rich history of clubs and no other Bundesliga Club is so known world wide for their level of play, their history of championships, and their influence in the game of football in Germany and abroad, FC Bayern Munich is a team the symbolizes the strength of German football, but also the resilience of the German people and a positive sense of pride that Bavarians and Germans can feel good about when people worldwide chant its name, where its logo, its colors, or watch its games, whether loved or hated, they continue to be respected for their history and the players they have raised and given to the game of football. The clubs early beginnings date back to the year 1900 when members of a club called Münchner TurnVerein 1879 became bothered by other members of the sport clubs lack of respect for the game of football and their unwillingness to acknowledge it as the main sport of the club. After these former members left Münchner TurnVerein 1879 they formed their own club called Bayern and from there they eventually in 1906 entered into a union with Münchner Sport Club. Red became adopted as one of the club colors after this Union, along with the clubs traditional blue and white bavarian colors, because the color red was the color of their partner, today this red that has become a part of the club and is a large part of the clubs identity and image today, and one of its official colors along with its blue and white colors which symbolize Bavaria its home region. FC Bayern München’s first title as champions of the Bavarian League occurred in 1909 while they were still part of Münchner Sport Club , later on in 1919 they had dissolved their union with Münchner Sport Club (MSC) over disputes regarding the direction the club, and formed a new union with Turn- und Sportverein 1890 Jahn München, which lasted 5 years until they dissolved that union with Turn- und Sportverein 1890 Jahn München in 1923, to become their own independent club, and the club we know today as FC Bayern München. They then found themselves playing against teams which at the time where higher ranked and that dominated the league in Bavaria notably 1. FC. Nuremburg, SpVgg Fürth, and the local Munich rival club Turn- und Sportverein München von 1860, (TSV 1860 Munich). They had to build their way up to show that they could compete with already existing clubs that were well established. They won the 1932 National German Championship the clubs first against Eintracht Frankfurt with a score of 2-0 led by coach Richard “Little Dombi” Kohn. Things were looking up for the new FC Bayern München club. All hope for development came to an abrupt end with the rise of the Nazi party in 1933 which in turn led to some rather unfortunate changes for the club as the Nazis who came into government and had a strong presence in Bavaria, brought upon their extremely backward and obscure racial policies to Germany. These policies were mainly targeted at the Jewish people, who the Nazis blamed for Germany’s economic woes, and who they saw as a threat to their view of an Aryan Germany free from foreign influences, later these policies also targeted others they deemed inferior like Romani gypsies and Slavs such as Poles, and Czechs, as well as others they simply didn’t like due to other issues religious, political, or otherwise, such as Jehovah Witness’, socialists, communists, anarchists, liberals, social outcasts, intellectuals, anti-nazi students and teachers, anti-Nazi clergy, certain artists, homosexuals and lesbians, freemasons, and anyone who openly opposed the regime or didn’t fit their Aryan mold. For the many Jews especially, as well as some of those of Romani Gypsy or Slavic descent or from Slavic countries who had played or were playing for German clubs, they were forced to flee Germany draining talent from teams, this problem hit the FC Bayern München team head on in particular because both its President and its coach Richard “Little Dombi” Kohn were Jews. The Nazis ruined the future of development in the era for the FC Bayern München club as the President and coach fled Germany to escape the racial bigotry and abuse at the hands of the Nazis ,and the club because of its connections to Jewish people was essentially regulated to amateur status. After the defeat of Nazi government and liberation of Europe by the Allies Forces in 1945, and the occupation of US, British, and French allied forces and restoration of democracy in Western Germany and the region of Bavaria the FC Bayern München club was able to come back again and play after the war had taken its toll on the club, the region, the country, the continent, and the world. With the war over, and the Nazis defeated and purged from government, and the crimes of the country acknowledged and confronted head on, the German people were looking to heal and rebuild, with their country divided into a capitalist democratic West Germany formed from the American, British, and French zones of occupation and a communist East Germany formed from the Russian zone of occupation, Germans became divided into two countries. With this change in the political landscape people turned inward but looked outward to the world for support, and in Bavaria, FC Bayern München became a source of pride and hope for people to feel good about being German, and to contribute positively to the world around them. FC Bayern became a member of Oberliga Süd after the wars end and rebuilding period. The next few years were tough on the club they struggled and had to make changes, but that changed in 1965. In their first season back in the Bundesliga they finished third but also they had won the German cup which put them into the European Cup Winners’Cup against Rangers they beat the Scottish Rangers club. They eventually came under the direction of the of a new coach a Croatian man named Branko Zebec, who helped bring them to into a more disciplined style of football play. He brought on a new era for the club following the success of his play Bayern. In 1966 the club had the German National team star Franz Beckenbauer on their team at the time he was only 20 years old. The 1970’s marked a new era for the club as well during this time they moved into a new home the Olympic Stadium which the club played in until they moved into their present home the Allianz Arena. The 1980s lead to more changes for the club and by the modern era of the 90’s and 2000’s FC Bayern München has become a star club with great players such as Phillip Lahm, Mario Gomez, Mario Mandžukić, Bastian Schweinsteiger, and Thomas Müller. Many of their starters are on the German National Team. The club has come a long with from its early years to achieve glory in the Bundesliga.